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Palm Fiber Pellet Machine

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Palm Fiber Pellet Machine
Price: 10,000-100,000 USD
WhatsApp: +86 138 3838 9622

RICHI palm fiber pellet machine is a pelletizing equipment for processing palm tree waste and palm oil factory waste such as pam fibers, palm nut shell, palm kernel shell, empty fruit bunch, palm leaf, etc. For different types of palm waste raw materials, RICHI will design a complete set of efb pellet plant and PKS pellet plant process of 1-100t/h for customers, and provide a single palm pellet machine and a complete set of pellet production line equipment processing services. At present, our efb pellet machine has been exported to Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Colombia and other places.

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Technical Features Of Palm Fiber Pellet Machine

  • RICHI palm kernel pellet making machine adopts advanced gear-driving system with motors, stable and reliable.
  • RICHI efb pellets equipment adopts high-qualified components, with stable performance, long service life and low noise.
  • Whole transmission parts (including motor) of this palm pellet machine chooses high-quality SKF bearings to ensure the transmission efficient, stable, low noise. Main motor choose Siemens.Palm Fiber Pellet Machine manufacturer
  • This type biomass pellet mill is equipped with full single layer stainless steel feeder, forced feeder, ring die and cutter.
  • Adopting international advanced technology on this palm kernel pellets making machine: German gun drill and vacuum furnace heat manufacturing process in ring die making to ensure the pellets smooth and of high quality.
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video of efb pellet machine

Applicable raw materials


Empty Fruit Bunches (EFBs)

In contrast to palm kernel shells and fibers, empty fruit bunches can not only be burned, but can also be shipped directly back to the palm garden for fertilizer use.


Palm Kernel Shell (PKS)

In traditional waste treatment methods, the pressed fibers and shells of palm mills are often used as fuel for steam boilers. After being processed into granules, it has a higher calorific value and is more environmentally friendly. These two solid fuels alone can generate enough energy to meet the consumption needs of palm oil mills.

In addition to palm waste, our palm fiber pellet machine is also suitable for the processing of various other waste pellets, such as wood pellets, bamboo pellets, rice husk pellets, coffee husk pellets, straw pellets, etc.

Palm Pellet Machine Price & Specification

Model MZLH320 MZLH350 MZLH420 MZLH520 MZLH768 MZLH858
Capacity 300-400kg/h 500-700kg/h 1.0-1.2 t/h 2.0-2.5 t/h 2.5-4 t/h 3-4.5 t/h
Power 37kw 55kw 90kw 110/132kw 250/280kw 280kw
Final Pellet 6-12mm 6-12mm 6-12mm 6-12mm 6-12mm 6-12mm
Weight 2500kg 3500kg 4000kg 4500kg 5000kg 5500kg
Dimension 22200*900*1300mm 2500*1100*1600mm 2800*1150*1730mm 3000*1260*1860mm 3300*1500*2000mm 3500*1600*2180mm

Working Principle Of Palm Fiber Pellet Machine

Generally, the EFB pellets production is in large scale. Then our ring die EFB pellet machine is the most suitable machine for compressing the high density EFB fiber. Adopt high-precision gear driving, the output is improved by about 20% compared with the belt drive one. Imported high-quality bearings and oil seal are adopted to ensure efficient, stable and low-noise operation.

The mixed or tempered pulverized palm fiber/palm shell material passes through the chute through the compression mold cover, and is uniformly fed into the two pressing areas in the palm kernel cake(PKC) pellet machine ring die by gravity, centrifugal force generated by the rotation of the ring die, and the action of the feeding scraper.

Under the strong extrusion of the palm fiber pellet machine rollers, the material is gradually compacted and extruded into the die hole of the ring die to form. Since the extrusion of the material between the die rollers is continuous, the formed material continuously emerges from the die hole. The column is discharged, and then a cutter is cut into the required length of particles, and then enters the next palm pellet production line process.

palm shells pellet machine for sale

Complete efb pellet plant design for palm fiber/shell pellet production

The creation of waste pellets by converting waste from crude palm oil industry and biodiesel production to create compressed pellets is suitable for combustion as an energy sources. The process is easy and does not require heat input or a chemical change.
complete efb palm pellet production process

Energy content of pellets composing glycerin and biomass is 19.7 MJ/kg of pellet which is more than some another wastes such as dry wood, household waste, waste wood, and animal waste.

The efb biomass pellet plant pelletisation process consists of multiple steps, including pre-treatment of raw material, pelletisation, and post-treatment. The figure below presents the schematic of the palm pellet production process.


Whole set palm pellet plant machinery for sale

Generally speaking, just using a palm fiber pellet machine cannot support efficient efb pellet processing, and equipment for making efb pellet such as good quality efb sawdust hammer mill, high efficiency wood chips, high drying efficiency efb rotary dryer, efb pellet cooler machine, pellet screening machine, biomass pellet bagging machine, etc., are also required.

  • palm frond chipper

    palm frond chipper

  • palm kernel shell dryer

    palm kernel shell dryer

  • palm kernel hammer mill

    palm kernel hammer mill

  • pellet cooling machine

    pellet cooling machine

  • screening machine

    screening machine

  • pellet bagging machine

    pellet bagging machine

  • palm leaf shredder

    palm leaf shredder

  • conveying machine

    conveying machine


Palm efb pellet production line cost

Generally speaking, it takes 50,000-3 million USD to establish a 1-100 tons per hour efb pellet plant. Economic analysis of efb pellet fuel production must consider relationship of cost, revenue, and profit; according to pelletizing process. Those parameters are:

  • Cost of raw material that is varied by difference of raw material ratio;
  • Transportation cost which is varied by distance between raw material site and efb pelletizing factory;
  • Cost of efb pellet production line pelletizing process that is depended on size, initial cost and processing cost.

Moreover, feasibility study of efb pellets must consider cost and price per energy unit, market, and target consumer (i.e. household consumer, industrial consumer) needs. From cost of pelletized fuel analysis, cost of pelletized fuel is lower than normal coal cost used in industry.

Featured PKS & EFB Pellet Plant Program

Here is an example of the design of a 5 tons per hour palm fiber pellet plant:


Palm Waste Pellet Production Process Design:

Crushing section—cleaning section—drying section—granulation section—cooling section—packing section

The palm waste is coarsely crushed by a drum-type disintegrator and then cut into fine powder by a special palm shredder. Then use the primary cleaning sieve and enter the three-layer drum dryer to dry the raw materials with a moisture content of 50% to about 15%, and finally carry out granulation processing with palm fiber pellet machine.

The diameter of the processed finished product pellets is 6-10mm optional, and after granulation, the pellets are cooled. Finally, it is packed into 20-50kg/bag by small bag packing scale, which is convenient for transportation and sale.
cost to start efb pellet production line

The project is a palm waste biomass pellet production line with an output of 5 tons per hour. The efb pellet plant cost is 300,000-450,000 USD. The total power of the equipment is about 890kw.

The workshop covers an area of 2,400 square meters, including raw material warehouses and finished product warehouses; the entire line is compact in design, reasonable in structure, and meets environmental protection requirements. And according to customer requirements for directional design.

  1. Crushing section: Palm shells, palm leaves, and palm fruit are first passed through a drum disperser, and the long fibrous palm silk is coarsely powdered into 5-10cm long, and then cut into palm grass powder with a special palm shredder.

    After crushing, the material is conveyed and discharged by the negative pressure suction of the fan, with high output and low pollution, which can effectively suppress the dust pollution in the workshop.
  2. Cleaning section: The purpose of the cleaning section is to clean up the larger impurities in the raw materials, so as to prevent the mechanical equipment and conveying equipment in the next process from malfunctioning or being damaged.
  3. Drying section: three-layer drum dryer, the moisture of the material after drying is about 13-18%.
  4. Granulation section: Palm fiber pellet machines used in this stage. The diameter of biomass palmako pellets is 6-10mm optional. Biomass palm pellets have the characteristics of high calorific value, no pollution, and low ash content.Palm Waste Pellet Production Process Design
  5. Cooling section: It is used to reduce the temperature of the pellets and reduce the moisture of the pellets. The temperature of the pellets after cooling is generally not higher than room temperature by 5°C. The moisture of the pellets after cooling is about 8-10%, and the bulk density of the pellets is 650-750kg/m3.
  6. Packing section: According to the customer's local sales needs, we can choose the appropriate packing scale to facilitate the customer to sell products. There are usually two specifications: 500-1000kg/bag small bag and ton bag.

Equipment List

Crushing equipment: SFSP66*80, power 75kw, two sets.
Cleaning equipment: MCY160*300, power 3kw, design output: 6T.
Drum dryer: ф2400*100000*3 Layer, power 30kw, (raw material initial moisture is 50%).
Palm fiber pellet machine (2 sets): MZLH520, main engine power 132kw, force feeder power, design output 1T/set.
Cooling machine: SKLN17*17, designed to produce 5-6T per hour.
Packing equipment: DCS-50, packing specification 20-50kg/bag, packing speed 3-5 bags/minute.

optional efb pellet plant configuration

According to the needs of different customers, the solution can optimize the configuration:

  1. If necessary, buffer bins can be added between each section to replace the storage yard. The advantage is that it can improve the automation of the production line and reduce the dust pollution in the workshop; the disadvantage is that it will increase the construction cost of the pks & efb pellet production line, and because of The bulk density of the material is very light, and it is easy to arch in the warehouse without cutting.6-10 tons per hour Palm Waste Pellet Production Process Design
  2. If the moisture content of the raw material is not higher than 15%, it is possible to granulate directly after crushing without using a dryer; if it is higher than 15% but lower than 20%, it may be considered to mix the dry material with the wet material and then mix the moisture After neutralization and reduction, proceed to granulation;
  3. The packaging equipment can be adjusted according to the customer's requirements for the finished product packaging. It can also be stored in bulk or in steel silos.
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Who is suitable for starting palm pellet production line?

  • Indonesia is the absolute number one palm tree country in the world, and the planting area that has grown explosively in recent years is entering the harvest period.
  • Malaysia's production ranks second, but much smaller than that of Indonesia. Malaysia's palm and natural rubber have not grown much in the last decade.
  • Thailand and some tropical countries have also added a lot of palm trees in the past ten years.
  • Of course, with the exception of some countries with cooler climates, most countries have some resources of palm waste.

However, it is clear that countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand are very suitable for palm shell processing business. If other countries can import these low-cost waste resources, they can also be developed into biomass fuel pellets to replace the more expensive wood pellet processing.

Guidance of EFB pellet production

Guidance of EFB pellet production

The optimum ratio of palm pellet fuel made only by palm fiber was 50:10:40; palm fiber, water, and waste glycerol respectively. In the best practice condition; particle size was smaller than 2 mm, adhesive glycerol was heated.

From the explained optimum ratio and ingredient, pelletizing ratio was 62.6%, specific density was 982.2 kg/m3, heating value was 22.5 MJ/kg, moisture content was 5.9194%, volatile matter was 88.2573%, fix carbon content was 1.5894%, and ash content was 4.2339%, which was higher than the standard.

Mixing palm shell into palm fiber raw material reduced ash content of the pellets. The optimum raw material ratio, which minimizes ash content, was 80 to 20 palm fiber and palm shell respectively. Adding palm shell reduced ash content to be 2.5247%, which was higher than pelletized fuel standard but followed cubed fuel standard.

At this raw material ratio, pelletizing ratio of palm fiber pellet machine was 70.5%, specific density was 774.8 kg/m3, heating value was 19.71 MJ/kg, moisture content was 9.8137%, volatile matter was 86.2259%, fix carbon content was 1.4356%, and compressive force was 4.83 N. 

Factor affecting efb pellets characteristics

Experiment had been done to study particle size, raw material: water: waste glycerol ratio, temperature of adhesive (waste glycerol), palm fiber and palm shell ratio; to find optimum condition of ingredient for pelletized efb pellet fuel. The best practice efb pellets made by efb pellet machine was considered by pelletized percent, density, heating value, ash content, moisture content, volatile matter, and fix carbon content.
Guidance of EFB pellet production by palm pellet making machine


Effect of particle size distribution on pellets

Particle size of palm fiber affects pelletized percent, specific density; but do not affect moisture content of pellets and ash content which is different insignificant values. Using mixed particle size (<2 mm), the palm pellets made by palm fiber pellet machine will have more than 50 pelletized percent.

Moreover, the efb pellets have high specific density and lowest ash content. For small particle (<0.5 mm), pelletized percent and density of the pellets are higher than 0.5 to 1.0 mm particles. It is also found that, the smaller particles, the higher ash content in pelletized palm fuel.


Effect of ratio of raw material, water, and waste glycerol

High water ratio lowers heating value of palm pellets because the higher water ratio, the more energy to dry the fuel. The higher waste glycerol ratio, the higher pellet density. Pelletized percent and heating value are also increase with glycerol ratio. Moreover, adding glycerol as adhesive increase fix carbon content of palm pelelts  but decrease pelletized percent.
Indonesia wood pellet machine for efb pellets


Optimum ratio of ingredients

In generally, ash, bulk density, heating value, pelletized percent, fix carbon content, and volatile matter; affect quality of efb pellets fuel in different way - i.e. low ash increase combustibility, high bulk density fuel is convenient to be transported, heating value must be high enough to supply the need of industries, high pelletized percent will make higher yield for EFB pelletizing process, etc.

Furthermore, high fix carbon content and volatile matter pellets made by palm pellet machine are easy to be combusted but have higher smoke. In the other hand, low volatile matter pellet have higher density.

From experiment, optimum ratio of pelletized fuel ingredient - raw material (palm fiber): water: waste glycerol; was equal to 50: 10: 40 respectively.

Pellets at this ratio which contain only palm fiber as raw material have acceptable quality in almost all parameters according to fuel standard except ash content that higher than the standard.

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Compressive strength of pellets made by efb pellet mill equipment

The palm pellets must be reacted by horizontal force due to packaging, storage, and transportation. Therefore, horizontal compressive strength of efb pellets must be considered. It was found that pellet with raw material ratio 80:20 (wt%) of palm fiber and palm shell respectively with particle size of raw material <2 mm, and added heated glycerol at optimum ratio of 50:10:40 (wt%) raw material, water, glycerol respectively; had average horizontal compressive force 5.37 MPa.

 complete EFB pellet production line

Why Choose Palm Fiber For Making Fuel Pellets By EFB Pellet Mahine?

Fuel plays an important role in household, business, and industrial sectors. Especially, in business and industrial uses which about 60% of energy used are imported. Thus, sustainable fuel energy development in Thailand and similar countries must consider limited energy resources and there usage.

Selected fuel must be cheap, abundant, and environmental friendly. According to the policies of Thailand and other countries to promote biofuel as renewable energy, oil palm cultivated area has been increasing.Crude palm oil production left large amount of palm fiber and shell as waste. To increase their value, palm fiber and shell were selected to be raw materials of pelletized fuel.

Despite most wastes from palm oil production are currently used, i.e. palm shell is sold to be fuel in other industries or used as raw material for pellets, empty palm fruit brunch is used for mushroom production, and palm fiber is used as fuel for electricity and steam production in factories; a lot of palm fiber is still left as waste because its bulky particles which are difficult for transportation.

Palm fiber is a possible raw material to be pelletized to be used in industrial furnace. There were a lot of researches reported that biowaste such as bean pod, cereal husk, cotton waste, wheat straw, etc.; can be pelletized to be utilized as good fuel.
efb pellets

Parameters of Palm EFB Pellets:

Item Value
Palm EFB Pellet Diameter 6-10mm
Moisture Content <12%
Ash Content 5%
Volatile Content 75%
Carbon Content 13%
Thermal Value 4000 kcal/kg
  • Need No Additives While Pelleting: Oil palm fiber is extracted from empty fruit bunches. It contains about 13-25% of lignin and 43-65% of cellulose. And the content of lignin is a key component for making pellets by efb pellet machinewithout adding additives.
  • Low Moisture: The moisture content of EFB pellets is around 8-12% while the moisture of shredded EFB fiber is generally around 60%. It means that you can save your costs on transportation.
  • High Heating Energy and Thoroughly Combustion: EFB pellets made by palm fiber pellet machine have a high calorific value of 4300-4800kWhr/ton, which equals to sub-bituminous coal and high density wood pellets. Palm fiber is proved to be very effective when burning. EFB pellets can be burned thoroughly and there is only 5% of substance left over as ash content.
  • Generate Little smoke During Combustion: EFB pellets made by palm tree fuel pellet making machine generate little smoke while burning which means very minimum particulate being discharge to the air.
  • Abundant Material Resources: It is very popular and common in Southeast Asia, especially Malaysia, Thailand. You can easily get sufficient materials from palm oil plants with very low price.
efb pellets making machine for sale

Advantages of Palm Fiber Pellets

  • EFB pellets easy handling and storage
    They can be packed in a bag with weight around 700-800kg per bag with bulk bag packing machine. In a standard 20ft container, palm EFB pellets can be packed into 40 jumbo bags, which mean a 20 feet container can ship around 28MT of EFB pellet.
  • Easy control and broad application
    Pellet size is small in dimension and easy for repack if house-hold application is needed. Some of the palm EFB pellets made by efb fiber pellet mill are repacked into convenient bag size in order to be sold to end users for BBQ burning substance.
  • EFB pellet suitable for most boiler grating system
    Pellets made by efb wood pellet machine normally come in 8mm diameter and length about 20-30mm. This is also a suitable dimension for most of the boiler input grate.
  • EFB pellets generate low to no smoke during the combustion
    Air pollution is one of the hot topics that always draws many users' attention. One of the significant advantages for palm pellet made by RICHI super quality efb pellet mill machine  is that it will not generate smoke or fume during the combustion process, which means very minimum particulate being emitted to the air.
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Raw material characteristics of palm pellets


Physical and chemical composites of palm fiber and palm shell

Palm fiber contains significantly high ash content (9.84%). It composes of 43.25% carbon, 28.65% oxygen, 5.93% hydrogen, and the rests 0.12 to 0.39% are sulfur and nitrogen. It can be calculated that heating value of palm fiber is 19.62 MJ/kg which is slightly higher than palm shell (17.776 MJ/kg).

Chemical composites of palm fiber and palm shell are similar (Table 2). The main chemical composition are SiO2, CaO, Al2O3 and K2O. It is also shown that palm fiber contains Al2O3, SiO2, CaO and Fe2O3 more than palm shell.

Composition of palm fiber and palm shell
Approximate analysis (wt%)&Ultimate analysis (wt%) Palm fiber Palm shell
Moisture content 11.82 19.48
Volatile matter 89.36 88.45
Fix carbon 1.26 1.01
Ash content 9.84 2.72
Hydrogen (H) 5.93 6.46
Carbon(C) 43.25 46.59
Sulfur(S) 0.12 0.03
Nitrogen(N) 0.38 0.11
Oxygen(O) 28.65 24.61
Heating value(MJ/kg) 8 19.06 17.7
Chemical composites of palm fiber and palm shell
Composite Palm fiber Palm shell
Al2O₃ 0.57 0.24
SiO₂ 3.54 2.96
P₂O5 0.19 0.59
SO₃ 0.05 0.13
K₂O 0.24 0.60
CaO 1.15 0.48
TiO₂ 0.01 -
Fe₂O₃ 0.24 0.08


Waste glycerin generated from transesterification process contains alcohol, catalyst residue, carry-over fat/oil, and some esters. Heating value of glycerin is slightly less than palm fiber and palm shell. A kilogram of glycerin burned gives 19.71 MJ/kg of energy.

If you want to buy a palm fiber pellet machine, or build a palm pks efb pellet plant, please contact Richi Machinery to customize your pellet production plan.

Why Choose Richi

why choose richi
why choose richi

Introduction of RICHI
Strength certification

Richi Machinery is a professional manufacturing enterprise integrating scientific research and development, manufacturing, sales and service. We have developed and manufactured multifunctional pelletizers, grinders, mixers, dryers and more than ten categories and more than 30 models of complete machine products are widely used in feed, biomass, organic fertilizer, pet supplies, solid waste recycling, chemical industry, road construction and other fields.

All RICHI products have passed ISO9001:2008 international quality system certification, EU CE certification and Customs Union CU-TR certification, successfully serving more than 2,000 customers in more than 100 countries and regions around the world.

Customized Design And Business Plan

In RICHI, every equipment and every pellet production line business plant can be customized. We will formulate multiple sets of pellet production process plans for comparative analysis according to the actual needs of customers, select a reasonable plan, and realize private customization.

Our services run through all aspects of on-site terrain and environment survey, production line process design, raw material testing, cost requirement analysis, project investment budget, equipment installation and commissioning.

Customized Design And Business Plan
Customized Design And Business Plan
Customized Design And Business Plan
Customized Design And Business Plan

Quality Control
Richi Machinery

We adhere to the ISO9001 quality management system, and strictly implement international standards for product design and manufacturing processes. In terms of management systems, there are product quality accountability systems, product quality accountability systems, and safety production management systems; in terms of management tools, QC quality control management, SPC statistical process control, sampling inspection and measurement system analysis are used for quality control, to achieve effective control of the entire process of equipment production, and never let go of any quality hidden dangers that may affect customer operations.

Quality Control

Delivery And Installation

RICHI has always been adhering to the spirit of craftsmanship to make every detail good, especially in the link of equipment preparation and delivery, we follow the standardized process: preparation order check-equipment factory quality inspection-packing list re-inspection-scientific packaging and transportation, ensure the safe and non-destructive delivery of equipment.

According to customer needs, RICHI installation engineers will guide the construction of site infrastructure, equipment installation and commissioning and trial operation of the entire production line throughout the process. When the relevant project indicators reach the design standards, the client will carry out the project acceptance.

Delivery And Installation
Delivery And Installation
Delivery And Installation
Delivery And Installation
Delivery And Installation
Delivery And Installation
Delivery And Installation
Delivery And Installation
After-sales And Training

After-sales And Training
Richi Machinery

We have built a team of nearly 100 technical engineers to solve a series of problems in the project from consultation, site survey, sample analysis to plan design, installation and commissioning, and maintenance. We provide comprehensive and systematic training for the technical staff of each customer to better serve the customer's project needs.

After the technicians have finished their studies, RICHI will provide follow-up technical support services, and the training engineers will follow up the project use effects in the later stage to ensure the stable operation of the customer's project.

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