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Poultry Feed Pellet Machine

Poultry Feed Pellet Machine

CAPACITY: 1-42 T/H
MAIN POWER: 22-315 KW
MODEL: SZLH
APPLICATION: Poultry Feed Industry

Poultry feed refers to the feed of animals such as chickens, ducks, geese, quail, turkeys, pigeons, and birds, etc. In modern poultry production, from brooding, rearing to later stages, in the production of poultry such as laying hens, broilers, ducks, and geese, in order to better develop the production potential of poultry, it is necessary to feed them with compound feed made by poultry feed pellet machine with reasonable ratio and complete nutrition according to their nutritional needs. In poultry production, feed consumption accounts for 70-80% of production costs.

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Poultry Feed Pellet Machine

Applications Of Poultry Feed Pellet Machine

Poultry pellet feed is a strip feed made by squeezing powder feed with a poultry feed pellet machine. It is a popular form of feed nowadays. In recent years, with the rapid development of the feed industry, poultry pellet feed has gradually been accepted by the majority of poultry farmers, and the amount has continued to increase. Therefore, for poultry feed processing plants or poultry farms, the establishment of feed factories, feed production lines or the purchase of poultry feed pellet mills are all very promising investments. (Related post: poultry feed production line)

After a large number of poultry feeding experiments, the survey data proves that the feeding effect of pellet feed has obvious economic benefits. The specific advantages of poultry pellet feed are as follows:
poultry feed pellet making machine

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Technical Features Of Poultry Feed Pellet Machine

1.This model poultry feed pellet machine adopts gear transmission, with ideal transmission ratio, large driving torque, stable rotation, high output, low noise, and convenient operation and maintenance.

2.This poultry feed making machine is equipped with ring dies with various apertures and thicknesses between φ1.5 and φ12. Users can choose according to their needs to obtain the best technical and economic benefits.

3.This poultry feed pellet making machine is especially suitable for the production of chicken, duck, goose, bird feed, also suitable for livestock and other animal feed production. It has the characteristics of stable operation, high output and high forming rate.

4.This poultry feed pellet equipment adopts adjustable speed motor for feeding, with overload protection device and external discharge mechanism, when the main motor is overloaded, the bypass door can be opened automatically.

5.Different types of poultry feed machine conditioners can be selected according to needs, such as single-layer conditioner, double-layer conditioner, three-layer conditioner and dual-axis differential conditioner, etc.

Working Principle Of Poultry Feed Pellet Machine

The working principle of the ring die poultry feed pellet machine is: the mixed powder with a moisture content of not more than 15% enters the feeding screw conveyor from the bin to be granulated, and the appropriate material flow is obtained by adjusting the speed of the feeding screw conveyor shaft, and then enters the conditioning device for conditioning with steam, and enters the ring die cover through the bypass chute of the iron removal device, and the powder is rolled into the pressing zone by the feeding scraper.

The drive shaft drives the ring die to rotate, and the powder is rolled. Between the ring die and the pressure roller, the two relative rotating parts gradually squeeze the powder material into the ring die hole to form, and continuously extrude the pellets to the required length and flow out of the poultry feed pellet machine. The structure overload protection of the poultry feed pellet processing machine and the electrical control system feeder ensure that the materials from the silo can evenly enter the pellet machine for poultry feed, and the screw conveyor is often used as the feeder to feed the poultry pellet making machine evenly.

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Parameter And Model Of Poultry Feed Pellet Machine

Model Capacity(TPH) Main Motor Power(kw) Feeder Motor Power(kw) Ring Die Compression Ratio Requirements Before Entering Granulator(mm) Pellet Diameter(mm) Pellet Length (mm))
SZLH250 1-2 22 0.75 1:10----1:13 2.0-3.0 2-4 4-8
SZLH320 3-4 37 1.5
SZLH350 5-7 55 1.5
SZLH420 8-12 110 1.5
SZLH508 10-18 160 2.2
SZLH558 15-25 180/200 2.2
SZLH558D 14-22 160/180/200 1.5
SZLH678 20-30 220/250 2.2
SZLH678D 15-25 200/220/250 2.2
SZLH768 25-40 280/315 2.2
SLZH858 25-42 280/315 2.2
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Cost To Set Up Standard/Customized Poultry Feed Pellet Machine

Poultry Feed Machine Price: FOB 7000-100000USD

What's poultry animal feed pellet machine price? Because different customers have different requirements for pellets, there will be many differences in the details of our feed pellet machine design. Therefore, the actual poultry feed pellet machine price for different projects are different. Even if the customer wants to produce the same type of pellets, if the customer's feed formula, raw materials, and production technology are different, the poultry feed pelletizer machine ring die, conditioner, etc. will be different.
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Consider the pelleting standard of poultry feed pellet machine

Produce pellet feed that meets user requirements, that is, feed of good quality and reasonable price

Commonly used pellet feed quality indicators:

  1. Appropriate hardness (powdering rate, durability, firmness)
  2. Low powder content (the powder content in the finished product is less than 5%)
  3. Uniform particles, good appearance, shiny, no cracks, and neat section.
  4. High degree of gelatinization (20%-30%, 60%-90%)
  5. Good stability (refers to aquatic feed, the residence time in the water is greater than 10 minutes; the extruded pellets are greater than 30 minutes)
  6. Floating (referring to aquatic feed)
  7. Long shelf life (12.5%-13%, 30-45 days, no mildew and peculiar smell)
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2. Produce as many qualified pellets as possible with the least energy cost, that is, the best granulation efficiency. The definition of granulation efficiency: the weight of granules that can be produced per kilowatt hour.

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Composition of pelleting system of poultry feed production line

  1. Cone bucket: Store materials and convert intermittent production to continuous production. Storage capacity for continuous production of poultry feed pellet machines for 2-4 hours; each poultry feed granulator is equipped with two silos.
  2. Poultry feed pellet making machine: The powder or liquid raw materials of the feed are polymerized and formed by mechanical or chemical methods.
  3. Steam system: Provides the heat and moisture needed for the powder in the poultry feed pelleting process.
  4. Molasses adding system: Improve the internal viscosity and energy of the pellets, and improve the palatability.
  5. Fat adding system: Improve the appearance of pellets and increase energy.
  6. Cooler: Cool down and dehumidify.
  7. Ventilation system: Provide air with a certain air volume, wind pressure, and wind speed to the poultry pellet cooler.
  8. Crumbler: Crumbling large pellets into small pellets, saving energy consumption for poultry feed pellet maker granulation.
  9. Grading screen: Separate the finished product and reprocess the rest.
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How to control the quality of poultry feed pellet machine pelleting process?

Requirements for poultry feed making machine before granulation

It is required to inspect and maintain the poultry feed making machine before production to ensure the quality of the product. It includes the following aspects:

  1. The pellets and the magnets on the top should be cleaned once every shift. If they cannot be cleaned, the iron in the feed may enter the poultry feed pellet mill ring die and affect the normal operation of the poultry feed pelleting machine.
  2. Monitor the wear of the ring die and press roller: the wear of the press roller may affect production capacity; excessive wear of the press die reduces the effective thickness of the press die and affects the quality of the pellets.
  3. Add lubricating oil to the pressure roller regularly to ensure the normal operation of the pressure roller.
  4. Check whether there is material backlog in the cooler, and check whether the cooling plate or screen surface in the pellet cooler is damaged.
  5. The roller of the poultry pellet crumbler should be inspected regularly: if the corrugated teeth of the roller wear and become blunt, it will reduce the crushing capacity and reduce the quality of the product.
  6. Check every shift whether there are holes, blockages and adhesion on the screen surface of the grading screen, and the screen surface is intact and undamaged to achieve the correct particle classification effect.
  7. Check the cutter of the poultry feed pellet making machine: the cutter is worn too blunt, which will increase the powder of poultry feed.
  8. Check the steam separator of steam to ensure the quality of steam entering the poultry feed pellet machine conditioner. Otherwise, it will affect the annual production capacity of the light beam and the pellet quality of the poultry feed.
  9. When replacing raw materials, check whether the buffer bin and finished product bin above the granulator are completely emptied to prevent mixing.
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Poultry feed pellet machine conditioning technology

Poultry feed generally contains corn with high starch content and low crude fiber content. Therefore, the structure and strength of poultry pellet feed rely on tempering technology, using heat and steam to soften the raw materials to improve the pelleting performance of the feed. During the poultry feed pellet production machine conditioning process, the starch of the feed will be partially gelatinized, and the gelatinized starch has the effect of binding, which improves the pellet forming rate of the poultry feed.

Generally, the conditioning time of the poultry feed making machine conditioner is 10~20 seconds. Extending the conditioning time can:

  1. Increase starch gelatinization;
  2. Increase feed temperature and reduce harmful microorganisms;
  3. Improve poultry feed production efficiency and particle quality. When the steam pressure is low, heat and water can be dissipated faster. In order to improve the quenching and tempering effect, the steam pressure must be controlled. Generally, poultry pellet feed can be adjusted to 16~18% moisture and 75~85°C according to actual operation requirements.
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Correct adjustment of poultry feed pellet machine pressure roller and ring die gap

The correct adjustment of the pressure roller gap can prolong the service life of the poultry feed pellet machine ring die and the pressure roller, and improve the production efficiency and poultry pellet quality. The adjustment requirements are as follows:

Adjust the poultry feed pelletizer machine pressure roller so that when the ring die rotates at a low speed, the pressure roller can only touch the high point of the poultry feed machine ring die. This gap minimizes the metal contact between the pellet machine ring die and the pressure roller, reduces wear, and there is enough pressure to rotate the pressure roller.

Grinding particle size of poultry feed making raw materials

The particle size requirements for raw material crushing should be determined according to the particle size of the poultry feed pellets made by poultry feed pellet maker. The particle size requirement is too fine, the processing speed is low, and the productivity is low; the particle size is too coarse, the pellet forming rate decreases, and the pellets are easy to break. Poultry feed particle size is different, so when selecting feed, it is necessary to select the feed according to the growth of the poultry, and the particle size of the feed can also be adjusted according to the different purposes. Taking chicken feed as an example, the weight gain of chickens eating small particle size feed is significantly higher than eating large particle size feed. The crushing particle size of grains in broiler feed is preferably 700~900μm. Laying hens are not sensitive to the pulverization degree of feed, and it is generally appropriate to control it at 1000 µm.

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In poultry feed processing, chicken and duck feed requires coarser particle size, and generally requires that the pellet feed has a large hardness and a low powdering rate to reduce feed waste. To increase the hardness of the pellet feed for poultry, the purpose of increasing the hardness of the pellet can be achieved by adjusting the coarse, medium, and fine ratio of the raw material crushing particle size. Coarse particles mean that the particle size is above 900μm, which requires no more than 15%, medium particles mean that the particle size is about 700μm, which is about 35%, and fine particles mean that the particle size is below 500μm, which requires more than 50%.

Among them, the fine powder with a particle size of less than 250μm is not less than 25%. The starch in this part of the fine powder can be fully gelatinized during conditioning, and plays an important role in the poultry feed pellet machine granulation process. It binds coarse, medium and fine particles together into large pellets feed for poultry, which not only improves the hardness of the pellets, can also reduce the powdering rate of the product.

Requirements for poultry pellets made by poultry feed pellet machine

  1. Pellet forming rate:Used for sieving granular feed with a sieve of less than 20% of the pellet size. If the poultry pellet feed has a pellet size of 5.00mm, use a 4.00mm sieve. The percentage of the sieve can represent the forming rate of the pellets. The pellet forming rate of poultry and livestock feed is required to be greater than 95%, and the pellet forming rate of fish and shrimp feed is required to be greater than 98%.
  2. Pellet length: The length of poultry feed pellets with a diameter of less than 4mm is 2 to 5 times the pellet size, and the length of poultry feed pellets with a diameter of 4 mm or more is 1.5 to 3 times the size.
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The nutritional needs of poultry

Poultry needs to consume various nutrients in growth, reproduction, production, and maintenance of basic needs. The needs for these nutrients are the main and the second, and the requirements are also different. But in general there are several categories: energy, protein and amino acids, fats, minerals (including trace elements) and vitamins, and water.

Energy

Organic substances in feed-carbohydrates (starch, sugar, fiber), protein, and fat all contain energy. Energy is necessary for all physiological processes of poultry (such as exercise, breathing, circulation, absorption, excretion, reproduction, production, etc.) . Energy occupies a certain proportion in animal feed and keeps other nutrients and available energy in balance. This is the most important principle in modern nutrition, that is, energy is the carrier of various other nutrients.

Protein and amino acids

Protein is the basis of life, a component of cell protoplasm, and a basic component of various enzymes, hormones and antibodies. It is also the most important ingredient in poultry products such as meat, eggs, feathers, and offal. Protein cannot be replaced by other substances (such as carbohydrates, fats). When the protein and amino acids in the feed are insufficient, the performance of poultry will be greatly affected. There are 10 essential amino acids for poultry: lysine, methionine, isoleucine, arginine, tryptophan, threonine, histidine, phenylalanine, valine, leucine.

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Fat

Fat is also a component of cell protoplasts, but when poultry forms body tissues and repairs old tissues, carbohydrates can be converted into fat in the body, and most of them do not need to be supplied from feed. Some fatty acids cannot be synthesized in the animal body by themselves and must be supplied from the feed, such as linoleic acid and linoleic acid, which are called essential fatty acids. Linoleic acid can be converted from linoleic acid. Generally 0.8 to 1% of linoleic acid in feed is sufficient.

Minerals

Minerals are the most important components of poultry body tissues and cells, especially bones. It is involved in regulating osmotic pressure and maintaining acid-base balance in the body.

Mineral elements can be divided into macro mineral elements and trace mineral elements according to the amount added in the feed. There are major mineral elements: calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, potassium, sulfur, and chlorine; trace mineral elements: iron, copper, cobalt, manganese, zinc, iodine, selenium, etc.

Vitamins

The main function of vitamins is to control and regulate metabolism in the body. Because poultry is not like livestock, it lacks some microorganisms in its digestive tract, most vitamins cannot be synthesized in the body and must be supplied from feed. Vitamin deficiency can cause metabolic disorders, often leading to a series of syndromes, which seriously affect the growth and production of poultry, especially breeding poultry and chicks, which have stricter requirements for vitamins.

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At present, it is known that there are 13 kinds of vitamins that poultry must take in the feed, of which 4 kinds of fat-soluble vitamins: A, D, E, K; 9 kinds of water-soluble vitamins: vitamin C, vitamin B1 (thiamine), vitamin B2 ( Riboflavin), vitamin B3 (pantothenic acid), vitamin BPP (niacin), vitamin B6 (pyridoxine, pyridoxine hydrochloride commonly used in production), biotin, choline (choline chloride commonly used in production), folic acid , vitamin B12.

Water

Water is the most important ingredient in life besides air. It is the basic substance of blood, intercellular fluid and intracellular fluid. The water content of 1-week-old chicks is about 85%, and that of 42-week-old chicks is 55%. The water content in the egg is about 70%. In animals, the digestion and absorption of nutrients, the transportation of metabolites, and body temperature regulation all play an important role. In production, we generally require that poultry (especially intensively raised) have clean drinking water for 24 hours. Especially in summer, it is very important.

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Why Choose Richi

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Introduction of RICHI
Strength certification

Richi Machinery is a professional manufacturing enterprise integrating scientific research and development, manufacturing, sales and service. We have developed and manufactured multifunctional pelletizers, grinders, mixers, dryers and more than ten categories and more than 30 models of complete machine products are widely used in feed, biomass, organic fertilizer, pet supplies, solid waste recycling, chemical industry, road construction and other fields. All RICHI products have passed ISO9001:2008 international quality system certification, EU CE certification and Customs Union CU-TR certification, successfully serving more than 2,000 customers in more than 100 countries and regions around the world.

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Customized Design And Business Plan

In RICHI, every equipment and every pellet production line business plant can be customized. We will formulate multiple sets of pellet production process plans for comparative analysis according to the actual needs of customers, select a reasonable plan, and realize private customization. Our services run through all aspects of on-site terrain and environment survey, production line process design, raw material testing, cost requirement analysis, project investment budget, equipment installation and commissioning.

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Quality Control
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We adhere to the ISO9001 quality management system, and strictly implement international standards for product design and manufacturing processes. In terms of management systems, there are product quality accountability systems, product quality accountability systems, and safety production management systems; in terms of management tools, QC quality control management, SPC statistical process control, sampling inspection and measurement system analysis are used for quality control, to achieve effective control of the entire process of equipment production, and never let go of any quality hidden dangers that may affect customer operations.

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Delivery And Installation

RICHI has always been adhering to the spirit of craftsmanship to make every detail good, especially in the link of equipment preparation and delivery, we follow the standardized process: preparation order check-equipment factory quality inspection-packing list re-inspection-scientific packaging and transportation, ensure the safe and non-destructive delivery of equipment. According to customer needs, RICHI installation engineers will guide the construction of site infrastructure, equipment installation and commissioning and trial operation of the entire production line throughout the process. When the relevant project indicators reach the design standards, the client will carry out the project acceptance.

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After-sales And Training
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We have built a team of nearly 100 technical engineers to solve a series of problems in the project from consultation, site survey, sample analysis to plan design, installation and commissioning, and maintenance. We provide comprehensive and systematic training for the technical staff of each customer to better serve the customer's project needs. After the technicians have finished their studies, RICHI will provide follow-up technical support services, and the training engineers will follow up the project use effects in the later stage to ensure the stable operation of the customer's project.

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