Biomass fuel is a massive environmentally friendly new energy produced by the processing of raw material sawdust. As a new type of pellet fuel, it has won wide recognition with its unique advantages: First, because the shape is pellets, it compresses the volume and saves Storage space is also convenient for transportation, reducing transportation costs; secondly, it has high combustion efficiency, easy burnout, and low residual carbon.
Compared with coal, it has high volatile content and low ignition point, easy to ignite, higher density, higher energy density, and significantly longer combustion duration. In addition, the content of harmful gas components is low when biomass particles are burned, and the burned ash can also be used directly as potash fertilizer.
The customer of the 1.2t/h wood pellet plant for pelletising sawdust project, Dezhou Lansen Biomass Fuel Co., Ltd., seized this market opportunity and invested 600,000 yuan (94,000 USD) to build a very simple design wood pellet plant with an annual production of 3,000 tons of biomass sawdust pellets.
It is worth mentioning that the small-scale sawdust pellet production line project was collectively invested and constructed by villagers in a village. They recycled the local sawdust, concentrated it on the processing of sawdust to pellets, and finally sold the biomass pellets. All proceeds will be used for the development and construction of the village.
The small capacity wood sawdust pellet production line is only their first investment in the biomass pellet processing industry. Because the wood pellet plant for making wood pellets from sawdust is more efficient, the villagers in this village plan to expand the wood sawdust pellet press plant to recycle agricultural waste such as corn stalks and rice husks from the farmland. Currently, the plan for the expansion of the wood sawdust pellet plant is under negotiation.
|Project||Construction content||Data (building area)|
|Main project||Production workshop||1200m2 (1 room)|
|Auxiliary project||Warehouse||300m2 (1 room)|
|Office||150m2 (1 room)|
|Solid waste room||50m2 (1 room)|
|Utilities||Water supply||Local water supply network|
|Power supply||Local Power Supply Bureau|
|Environmental protection project||Exhaust gas||Bag dust collector, air collecting hood, 15m high exhaust pipe|
|Wastewater||The domestic sewage is discharged into the septic tank, and then temporarily stored for composting.|
|Solid waste||Solid waste collection measures|
|Noise||The customer selects low-noise equipment and adopts corresponding noise reduction measures such as vibration reduction and sound insulation.|
|Raw materials (how much sawdust to make pellets)||Sawdust||3010t/a|
The new complete wood pellet plant screens the purchased raw sawdust through a roller sieve, and screens out the impurities (wood blocks). The sawdust meets the requirements of the wood sawdust pellet machine granulation. The sawdust is conveyed to the sawdust pelletizing machine by a belt conveyor, and the sawdust is continuously forced into the press wheel.
After the small holes of the mold are deformed into cylindrical pellets, they are continuously extruded, and then cut into the required length by the cutter of the small sawdust pellet machine, and the products are packaged by the baler and stored in the warehouse.
|Aawdust pellet making machine name||Quantity|
|Sawdust pellet press||2|
|Bag dust collector||1|
Water supply: The total fresh water consumption of the sawdust fuel wood pellet plant project is 75t/a, and the water used by the small wood pellet plant project is mainly domestic water, which is supplied by the water supply network of Changguan Town, Ningjin County.
Domestic water: The main water for this small wood pellet plant project is domestic water, and the small wood sawdust pellet plant project does not have dormitories.
According to the "Code for Design of Water Supply and Drainage for Buildings" GB50015-2003 (2009 Edition), the domestic water consumption for production personnel and management personnel of industrial enterprises can be 30-50L /d·person, the domestic water consumption of this 1.2t/h small wood pellet plant project is 50L/d·person, and the annual domestic water consumption of this 1.2t/h small wood pellet plant project is 75t/a.
Drainage: The main drainage of the 1.2t/h small wood pellet plant project is domestic sewage.
The domestic sewage volume of the 1.2t/h small wood pellet plant project is calculated based on 80% of the domestic water consumption, so the annual domestic sewage production is 60t/a, and the domestic sewage is temporarily stored in the septic tank and then the agricultural fertilizer is cleaned regularly.
Power supply: The power supply for the 1.2t/h small wood pellet plant project is connected to the power supply station of Changguan Town, Ningjin County, with an annual power consumption of 200,000 kwh.
The total investment of this small capacity 1.2t/h sawdust pelleting plant project is 600,000 yuan(94,000 USD), of which environmental protection investment is 300,000 yuan(47,000 USD), accounting for 50% of the total investment, which is mainly used for noise control and exhaust gas control during the operation period. See the following table for the environmental protection investment of the small capacity 1.2t/h sawdust pelleting plant project:
|Project||Content||Investment (ten thousand yuan)|
|Exhaust gas collection and treatment||Bag dust collector, air collecting hood, 15m high exhaust pipe||15|
|Impermeable treatment||Impervious treatment of workshops and septic tanks||6.0|
|Wastewater treatment||Septic tank||1.8|
|Noise processing||Adopt various sound insulation, sound absorption, and vibration reduction measures||6.0|
|Solid waste treatment||Solid waste collection measures||1.2|
According to the characteristics of the small capacity 1.2t/h sawdust pelleting plant project and the environmental conditions of the area, the rationality analysis of the layout of this small capacity 1.2t/h sawdust pelletizing plant project is as follows:
The client company of this small capacity 1.2t/h sawdust pelletizing plant project is arranged based on the principle of product processing and production flow, which has delayed the material flow, and the small capacity 1.2t/h sawdust pelletizing plant project is close to the road, with convenient transportation and convenient transportation and production of materials.
The small capacity 1.2t/h wood sawdust pelletizing plant project's evaluation scope does not involve sensitive targets that require special protection, such as nature reserves and scenic spots. The nearest sensitive protection target in the sawdust pelleting plant project area is the Guanyang community, which is 680 meters southeast of the small capacity 1.2t/h wood sawdust pelletizing plant. It is far away, so the sawdust pellet fuel production process has less impact on its environment.
The small capacity 1.2t/h wood sawdust pelletizing plant project is located in Changguan Town Industrial Park, Ningjin County. The plant area of the small capacity 1.2t/h wood sawdust pelletizing plant project is located on the east side of the road, on the west side is the open space, and the south and north sides are enterprises.
Because the small capacity 1.2t/h wood sawdust pelletizing plant project does not have high requirements on the external environment, and the surrounding enterprises have adopted corresponding environmental protection measures, the environmental impact of this 1.2t/h wood sawdust pelletizing plant project is relatively small. Therefore, this small 1.2t/h wood sawdust pelletizing plant project is in harmony with the surrounding environment.
Transportation inside and outside the sawdust wood pellet plant. The items that the small capacity 1.2t/h wood sawdust pelletizing plant project needs to be transported outside the sawdust wood pellet plant factory are mainly raw materials, auxiliary materials, various finished pelletising sawdust products and sawdust pellet maker equipment needed for workshop production.
The required raw materials are transported to the sawdust wood pellet plant factory by automobiles, and the products produced are mainly transported outside the sawdust wood pellet plant factory by automobiles. The transportation in the sawdust wood pellet plant factory is mainly by automobile, and the buildings are connected by main roads to meet the needs of local traffic and fire protection.
The layout of the general plan strictly complies with the current design specifications, regulations and standards of the relevant state departments. The sawdust pellet production facilities are arranged strictly in accordance with the fire and explosion-proof spacing, and the small capacity 1.2t/h wood sawdust pelletizing plant buildings and buildings are designed in accordance with the specified levels.
According to the fire hazard level and toxic hazard level in the sawdust pellet production process of the wood pellet plant workshop (process), the classification and zoning are arranged.
The small sawdust wood pelleting plant project reasonably divides the management area, process production area, auxiliary production area, and storage and transportation facility area, and each area adopts corresponding safety precautions for management according to its degree of harm.
Reasonably organize the flow of people and goods, and combine the needs of traffic and fire protection, and set up a circular fire tunnel around the installation area to meet the requirements of small sawdust wood pelleting plant process flow, transportation inside and outside the wood pellet plant, maintenance and production management.
In addition, the use, storage, transportation, and management of wood sawdust pellet plant raw materials and products should be designed, constructed, and operated in accordance with national standards and requirements, and sanitary emergency measures should be set to reduce the impact on the environment and personnel.
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